Although it may not seem like it, the Specter 1 electric bike is a moped in almost all of Europe

Although it may not seem like it, the Specter 1 electric bike is a moped in almost all of Europe

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Electric bicycles are limited by the EPAC regulation that requires reducing their benefits in order to be considered normal bikes and do not need insurance or registration. However, there are manufacturers who prefer not comply with this regulation although in exchange, the homologation requires fulfilling the obligations of an electric moped. This is the case of the specter 1, a Belgian ‘electric bicycle’ that with a frame of carbon fiber and a 750 W motor it leaves the homologation to offer a product of high technology and high performancewhat the company calls “the transport of the future”.

The Specter 1 has been nominated for the next edition of the award Eurobike Innovation Award. Its Belgian design is distinguished by an origami-inspired carbon fiber frame and fork and a central motor mounted on the bottom bracket that reaches a power of 750W and offers a maximum power assist speed of 45km/h. Its manufacturer is aware that these characteristics, in Europe, qualify it as an L1e-B vehiclethat is, an electric moped.

Specter 1 is a high-tech, high-performance electric bike, what the company calls “the transport of the future”.

The lithium battery that integrates the carbon fiber frame, which can be removed for recharginghas a capacity of 750Wh and is capable of offering an autonomy that is among the 40 and 110 kilometers. As in all cases, these figures depend on the type of cyclist, the level of assistance required among the three existing ones, the orography of the terrain and the weather. In any case, the figures can be doubled if the option of a dual battery. For the transmission it dispenses with the chain to mount a Gates Carbon Strap. It is completed with a system of continuous variable changes mounted on the rear hub.

On the handlebar there is a control screen in high definition, resistant to water with connection 4G and WiFi, shows the most relevant information such as the battery charge level, the speed and the distance traveled. It also provides maps with turn by turn navigation and even weather reports thanks to the fact that its software is based on the Android operating system. Buttons on the handlebars allow you to switch between screens without having to take your hands off the grips. This data, and other extended statistics, are accessible via a dedicated mobile phone app that connects to the bike via Bluetooth. The complete set has a final weight of 19.8 kilograms.

electric bike Specter 1 electric moped speed pedelec-interior1
Specter 1 electric bike. Above, high resolution handlebar screen with Android system. Below, carbon belt drive system and continuously variable gearbox.

For now, Specter 1 has not entered production, but it is already possible to make a Advance reservation through the manufacturer’s website, in exchange for a deposit of 200 euros. The final price of the bicycle will be 8,223 euros plus taxes.

The debate on the Speed ​​PedelecEXT

In most of Europe, including Spain, electric bicycles must comply with the EPAC vehicle regulations (Electronically Power Assisted Cycles) or pedal-assist. not to be considered category ‘L’ vehicles (including mopeds), and therefore do not require homologation or registration or insurance, must meet several requirements. The engine power must be equal to or less than 250Wthe maximum speed at which the motor assists pedaling must be 25km/h and the motor can only be activated when pedalingand therefore the use of trigger or accelerators to start it is prohibited.

In the United States, for example, manufacturers have a little more freedom since the legislation allows three different classes that admit, in addition to the accelerator, powers of up to 750 W and speeds of up to 45 km/h.

VanMoof V reopens electric bike debate
The VanMoof V reopens the debate on electric bicycles.

With that idea in several European manufacturers such as Van Moof They have created high-speed electric bicycles (speed pedelec) that have reopened the debate on the need to revise the regulations and have brought it to the forefront of today. The demand that this type of bicycle will have in the market is shown by the 10,000 reservations that the VanMoof V received in a very short time.


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