The skin is often drier, tighter and more dehydrated in summer, which is why it needs special care. In addition, other aggressions such as sunburn or excess direct radiation are important problems that should not be underestimated.
Using the best sunscreens to protect the skin is essential.
As we said, the skin of babies and children is very sensitiveTherefore, special precautions must be taken.
What are the problems that most affect the skin of babies and children in summer?
“The main problems seen in pediatric consultations are eczema (dry skin with some redness and itching due to excessive time in the pool), miliaria or sudamina (rash especially on the chest, abdomen and face due to sweat), folliculitis (pruritic skin rash in areas of hair growth), plantar hyperhidrosis (pruritic blisters usually on the soles of the feet due to the use of socks or closed shoes on hot days), hand-mouth-foot disease (viral infection that can cause fever and rash of sores around the mouth and bumps on feet, hands and buttocks)” explains the Dr. Tiago Jerónimo Dos Santos, Pediatrics and Pediatric Endocrinology of Vithas Almería.
Faced with these problems, it is always a good idea to consult your doctor so that he or she can prescribe the appropriate oral or topical treatment in each case.
The dreaded mosquito bites
There is no doubt that one of the aggressions that the skin of children and adults suffers in summer are the dreaded mosquito bites or other insects. They cause, especially mosquito bites, great itching and leave irritating marks.
How can mosquito bites be avoided? “The best way to avoid them is prevention through the use of physical barriers (appropriate clothing, window grills or mosquito nets) or chemical barriers (repellants). remembering that The use of repellents is not recommended in babies under 2 months of age and should be avoided as much as possible in those under 2 years of age. If they have already been bitten, wash them well to avoid infection, and use anti-itch gel or antihistamine creams always prescribed by your pediatrician”, explains the expert.
You can take a look at the article “10 top anti-mosquito products that you will find on Amazon”.
Tips to protect baby skin from the sun in summer
Protecting the skin from the sun in summer is essential and we must not forget that not doing so can end up triggering health problems as serious as skin cancer.
Remember that pediatricians generally they do not recommend taking babies under 6 months to the beach, except at the end of the day for a walk or first thing in the morning, always before 11 in the morning. Small children burn easily and the parasol is no savior, as under the umbrella, the radiation is reflected up to 30%.
“The first thing that is advised is not to expose children under 3 years of age to the summer sun. If it cannot be avoided, take extreme precautions with the periods of greatest solar incidence (between 11 am and 6 pm in the afternoon). Always apply cream with ultraviolet (UV) protection during all months of the year, especially in the summer, even on cloudy days, applying a thick layer of cream to dry skin in the most exposed areas. After bathing, moisturise the skin with your routinely used body milk. And always offer them more liquids (water or their milk) than usual,” advises Dos Santos.
Not all sunscreens for children are the same and there are different types and age recommendations, as explained Lucia, my pediatrician:
- For babies under 6 months: they should not be put on any sunscreen and prolonged sun exposure should be avoided.
- For children between 6 months and 2-3 years, especially in children under one year of age, we will opt for physical/mineral filters (in its composition it should be seen that it is exclusively mineral). They are usually much thicker creams and less resistant to water, so you have to repeat your application more.
- For those over 3 years old chemical/organic filters should be used.
To find out more about the types of sunscreen filters and what options we find on the market, we recommend reading our article “Sunscreens for babies and children: which ones to buy?”
What to look for to choose suitable creams for children
We must insist on the idea that not all sunscreens are the same for children and it is convenient to take into account the following indications: “A sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 30, preferably 50, that protects against UVA/UVB rays will be the best sunscreen for babies. Apply them about 15 minutes before being in the sun and every two hours if they are in the water. Also, make sure the sunscreen is free of titanium dioxide and not open from the previous year. It is recommended to avoid use in children under 6 months, using physical measures such as clothing, umbrella, carrycot”, advises the expert in Pediatrics and Pediatric Endocrinology.
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